History and ancient mythology tell strange yet consistent stories all over the world, these strange stories usually consist of god like creatures guiding mankind, these creatures are sometimes thought to have come from the heavens sometimes they are thought to come from the underworld.
The hollow earth theory is a theory put forth by Edmond Halley in 1692, he believed that earth had a hollow shell that was about 500 miles thick. He believed earth also had two inner concentric shells and an innermost core, about the diameters of the planets Venus, Mars, and Mercury. He believed that atmospheres separate these shells, and each shell has its own magnetic poles.. Halley proposed this scheme in order to explain abnormal compass readings.
|I declare the earth is hollow, and habitable within; containing a number of solid — spheres, one within the other, and that it is open at the poles 12 or 16 degrees; I pledge my life in support of this truth, and am ready to explore the hollow, if the world will support and aid me in the undertaking.||”|
|— John Cleves Symmes, Jr., Symmes’ Circular No. 1
Sceptics argue that studies of seismic waves is different to what they would expect from a hollow earth others claim gravity and the density of the planet also do not line up with a hollow earth.
It is assumed that the Earth is filled with solid rock (mantle and crust), liquid nickel-iron alloy (outer core), and solid nickel-iron (inner core). But the truth is the deepest hole drilled to date is only 12,376 meters deep so human knowledge of what lies beneath us is limited to say the least.
Many parts of the ancient world believed that the earth was hollow and occupied with strange creatures and gods.
The Nagas of ancient India were believed to have emerged in ancient times from a subterranean land inside the earth. There are legends from the Taíno people that their ancestors emerged in ancient times from two caves in a mountain underground.
In ancient Greek mythology Hades is the God of the underworld, Zeus managed to force his father to disgorge his siblings after Cronus had eaten them in fear of being killed by one of them as prophesied, After their release the six gods, along with the allies they managed to gather, challenged the elder gods for power in the Titanomachy, it was a divine war. After a ten year war the younger gods were victorious. Hades and two of his brothers, Poseidon and Zeus, drew lots for realms to rule. Zeus got the sky, Poseidon got the seas, and Hades received the underworld, a unseen realm in which the souls of the dead go upon leaving the world. The underworld is said to be a dark place, with souls of the dead wondering around aimlessly and confused.
Hades was also described as being either at the outer bounds of the ocean or beneath the depths or ends of the earth. It was the dark counterpart to the brightness of Mount Olympus, the kingdom of the dead
Persephone was the daughter of Demeter the goddess of the harvest, she was abducted by Hades who desired a wife, When Persephone was gathering flowers, she was entranced by a narcissus flower planted by Gaia (to lure her to the Underworld as a favor to Hades), upon picking the flower the earth suddenly opened up. Hades, appeared in a golden chariot and carried Persephone into the underworld. When her father Demeter found out that Zeus had given Hades permission to abduct Persephone and take her as a wife, Demeter became enraged at Zeus and stopped growing harvests for the earth. Zeus sent Hermes to the Underworld to take Persephone back to her mother. However, she ate 6 pomegranate seeds and therefore she was forever tied to the underworld, as the pomegranate seed was sacred to the underworld.
The Erinyes are three goddesses associated with the souls of the dead and the underworld they focus on avenged crimes against the natural order of the world. They consist of Alecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone. They were particularly concerned with crimes done by children against their parents such as murder and unfilial conduct. These goddesses are said to be feared by the living The Erinyes were dreaded by the living because they embodied the vengeance of the person that was wronged against his wrongdoer.
In ancient Greece Tartarus is both and deity and a place, the place is the deep abyss that is used as a dungeon of pain torment and suffering for the most wicked and as the prison for the Titans. Tartarus is understood to be as far below Hades as the earth is below the heavens.
The book of Enoch states that God placed the archangel Uriel “in charge of the world and of Tartarus” Tartarus is generally understood to be the place where the 200 fallen angels (or the watchers) are imprisoned.
In Celtic mythology there is a legend of a cave called “Cruachan,” it’s known as “Ireland’s gate to Hell,” a mythical and ancient cave from which according to legend strange creatures would emerge in ancient times and be seen on the surface of the earth. There are also tales of medieval knights and saints who went on pilgrimages to a cave located in Station Island, County Donegal in Ireland, where they made journeys inside the earth into a place of purgatory.
Tuatha Dé Danann translates to the tribe of the gods, are a race of supernaturally-gifted people in Irish mythology. They are thought to represent the main deities of pre-Christian Gaelic Ireland. They are generally depicted as kings, queens and heroes of the distant past they had supernatural power, some writers have acknowledged that they were once worshipped as gods. They are sometimes considered to be a group of people who are believed to have introduced Druidism to Ireland, before going back underground.
The Native Americans talk of a race of giants that lived underground, as well as many other strange creatures. Ant people and Star Gods are also spoken about in Hopi legends. A strange coincidence appears to be that the ant people were known to the Native Americans as Anu-naki, Anu meaning ant and Naki meaning friends almost the same minus one letter N as the Sumerian, Annunaki.
Mayan mythology has many gods Acan is the God of alcoholic beverages. Ah Muzenca is the god of bees, Chin is the god of homosexual relationships and patron of homosexual prostitutes, and they have creator gods, bee gods, fish gods, a god of war, suicide medicine and healing, a god of the earth and many other gods. Like many ancient people they also believed the underworld had gods and like nearly every ancient people including Christians, Pagans, Druids and Hindus, the underworld was associated with death.
According to Mayan mythology the underworld also hosted gods these gods were known as death gods in the oral tradition of the Lacandon people, there is only one death god (called “Kisin” in Lacandon), this death god inhabits an Underworld that is also the world of the dead as a ruler over the world of the dead. Kisin is the one of the many names the death god known as among the Lacandons. The Mayan underworld also contains different levels Mayan God of Death Kisin is sometimes reffered to as AH-PUCH, a Ruler of MITNAL or Level 9 of the Underworld: Mintal is the deepest, darkest level of the Mayan underworld.
AH-PUCH is said to surface at night as a corpse with an owls head, he is sometimes called the Flatulent One due to his strong odour, he is said to smell like rotting meat. There are over 250 different Mayan Gods but much of the information on the gods was destroyed by Bishop Diego de Landa in 1562, who burned much of the information in mass burning of the Mayan books.
In Maya mythology, Hun-Apu was a son of Hun Hunahpu and Blood Moon, and a twin to Xbalanque; the two were the Maya Hero Twins. The story of Hunahpu and his brother are told in the Popol Vuh. The pair are considered well favored by the greater Mayan gods, and over their lifetimes they had a long career of defeating their enemies through trickery and great powers.
The twins were conceived in unusual fashion, when their mother Blood Moon spoke with the decapitated head of their father Hun Hunahpu. The skull spat upon the maiden’s hand, it was this act that caused the twins to be conceived in her womb. Blood Moon sought out Hun Hunahpu’s mother, who begrudgingly took her in after setting up a number of trials to prove her identity.
After birth the twins were not well treated by their grandmother or their older half-brothers, their grandmother demanded that they be removed from the house due to their constant screaming and crying, their elder brothers obliged by placing them in unusual places to sleep; on an anthill and among the brambles. Despite the older brothers jealousy leading to attempts to kill the twins they failed. In their younger years the brothers were made to labor, going to hunt birds which they brought back for meals. The elder brothers were given their food to eat first, in spite of the fact they spend the day singing and playing while the younger twins were working.
Hunahpu and Xbalanque began to demonstrate their wit at a young age in dealing with their older half-brothers
One day the twins returned from the field without any birds to eat, they were questioned by their older half-brothers. The young twins claimed that they had actually shot several birds but the birds had gotten stuck high in a tree and they were unable to retrieve them. The older brothers went to the tree and climbed up to get the birds, suddenly the tree began to grow even taller at a fast rate, and the older brothers were stuck in the high. This was the first time in which the twins demonstrated supernatural powers, or as some Mayans believed the blessings of the greater gods.
Hunahpu than further humiliated his older brother by instructing them to remove their pants and tie them about their waists in an attempt to climb down. The pants magically became tails, and the older brothers were transformed into monkeys. When their grandmother was informed that the older boys were not harmed, she demanded they be allowed to return. When they did come back to the home, their grandmother was unable to contain her laughter at their appearance, and the brothers ran away in shame.
The twins are said to be approached by the god Huracan the Mayan god of storms regarding dispatching of an arrogant god named Seven Macaw. Seven Macaw was a trickster that had built up a following of worshipers among some of the inhabitants of the Earth, Seven Macaw was an arrogant god he was extremely vain, decorate himself with metal ornaments in his wings he had set of false teeth made of gemstones, he also made claims to be either the sun or the moon.
In a first attempt to dispatch the god, the twins attempted to sneak upon him when he was eating a meal in a tree, and shot at his jaw with a blowgun. Seven Macaw was knocked from his tree but only wounded, and as Hunahpu attempted to escape, his arm was torn off by the god. The blowgun had knocked out the gemstone teeth of Seven Macaw. The twins invoked a pair of gods disguised as their grandparents the twins instructed the gods to approach Seven Macaw and negotiate for the return of Hunapuh’s arm. In doing so, the gods disguised as grandparents indicated they were but a poor family, they said the make a living as doctors and dentists and care for their orphaned grandchildren. Upon hearing they were dentists Seven Macaw requested that they fix his teeth knocked loose by the blowgun. In doing so the grandparents replaced his jewelled teeth with white corn, and plucked the ornaments he had, leaving the god destitute of his former greatness. Having fallen, Seven Macaw died.
The prophecy of the return of a supreme being is a common theme in religion, in fact every major religion in the world talks of the return of a supreme being the Mayans were no different, Quetzalcoatl known to the Mayans as the feathered serpent is prophesied to return, and he is associated with darkness and death. The Maya practised human and animal sacrifice on weddings and births were turkeys, Jaguars, dogs, quail, snakes, hummingbirds and sometimes even butterflies were all sacrificed to invoke and satisfy the gods.