On the 20th October 2011 Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi more commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi was killed and the Libyan people were freed of an oppressive dictatorship. The oppressive dictatorship of Gaddafi offered free health care, government grants for marriage and children and a free education system that put Libya top of the literacy league tables in the whole of Africa. The oppressive dictatorship of Gaddafi also left Libya with a national debt of between zero and five billion pound depending on what source you use compared to Britain’s debt of one and half trillion pound and America’s 18 trillion dollars, Libya had state owned banks therefore the Libya government controlled the banks this allowed Libya to print interest free money unlike Britain and USA there banks are essentially corporations that charge huge interest on printed money that is at least part of the reason that so many countries have huge deficits.
Team Great Britain and USA to the rescue “we will free the Libyan people” David Cameron told the British TV audience and as usual we lapped it up, “people are dying in the streets” David Cameron said. The disgusting British media celebrated his death “that’s for Lockerbie” Rupert Murdoch’s Zionist loving and propagating the Sun newspaper declared. “The people of Libya are saved” we were told, than Libya disappears from the news completely not a mention.
Weeks before the general election 2015 in Britain and the Libyan war comes back to remind us of the impact that governments in Britain and USA have on the world as hundreds of migrants drowned in a desperate attempt to flee recently liberated Libya.
The British voter and taxpayer should be asking a few questions about the Libyan migrants drowning, questions that the mainstream media will completely ignore as they will be too busy talking about some celebrities private life or rating how good celebrities look in bikini’s or something along those lines.
How bad of a state is Libya since the “liberation of the Libyan people” and the death of an “evil and cowardly” dictator as described by the British media for people of Libya that have families and children to even consider getting on one of them boats?
How much to blame are our elected government’s that insisted the Libyan war was a humanitarian mission?
Would this be happening if Great Britain, USA and NATO stayed out of Libya?
Were people ever this desperate to escape Libya under Gaddafi? Have we just taken the treasure and ran?
Independence, Kingdom of Libya and Libya under Gaddafi
On 1 September 1969, a small group of military officers led by 27-year-old army officer Muammar Gaddafi staged a coup d’état against King Idris, launching the Al Fateh Revolution. Gaddafi was referred to as the “Brother Leader and Guide of the Revolution” in government statements and the official Libyan press.
On 2 March 1977, Libya officially became the “Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya”. Gaddafi officially passed power to the General People’s Committees and henceforth claimed to be no more than a symbolic figurehead. Dissidence against the new system was not tolerated. At around the same time the Jamahiriya was established, Gaddafi authorized the execution of twenty-two officers who had participated in a 1975 attempted military coup, in addition to the execution of several civilians. The new “jamahiriya” governance structure he established was officially referred to as “direct democracy”, though the government refused to publish election results.
Libya’s system of governance during the Jamahiriya era was based on Gaddafi’s theories outlined in his The Green Book, published in 1975. Under the Jamahiriya system, political issues for debate were raised at local level around the country, convened by any one of about 2,000 local “people’s committees”. The committees would then pass their votes to a central general committee formed by elected members, where votes at the local congresses would finally influence the outcomes of national decisions.
In February 1977, Libya started delivering military supplies to Goukouni Oueddei and the People’s Armed Forces in Chad. The Chadian–Libyan conflict began in earnest when Libya’s support of rebel forces in northern Chad escalated into an invasion. Later that same year, Libya and Egypt fought a four-day border war that came to be known as the Libyan-Egyptian War, both nations agreed to a ceasefire under the mediation of the Algerian president Houari Boumediène. Hundreds of Libyans lost their lives in the war against Tanzania, when Gaddafi tried to save his friend Idi Amin. Gaddafi financed various other groups from anti-nuclear movements to Australian trade unions.
From 1977 onward, per capita income in the country rose to more than US $11,000, the fifth-highest in Africa, while the Human Development Index became the highest in Africa and greater than that of Saudi Arabia. This was achieved without borrowing any foreign loans, keeping Libya debt-free. The Great Manmade River was also built to allow free access to fresh water across large parts of the country. In addition, financial support was provided for university scholarships and employment programs.
Much of the country’s income from oil, which soared in the 1970s, was spent on arms purchases and on sponsoring dozens of paramilitaries and terrorist groups around the world.An American airstrike failed to kill Gaddafi in 1986. Libya was finally put under United Nations sanctions after the bombing of a commercial flight killed hundreds of travellers.
A gathering of more than 200 African kings and traditional rulers, meeting on 27 August 2008 in the Libyan town of Benghazi, conferred on Colonel Gaddafi the title “King of Kings of Africa”. Sheikh Abdilmajid of Tanzania said traditional rulers were more influential in Africa than their respective governments.
2011 Civil War
After the Arab Spring movements overturned the rulers of Tunisia and Egypt, Libya experienced a full-scale revolt beginning on 17 February 2011. By 20 February, the unrest had spread to Tripoli. On 27 February 2011, the National Transitional Council was established to administer the areas of Libya under rebel control. On 10 March 2011, France became the first state to officially recognise the council as the legitimate representative of the Libyan people.
Pro-Gaddafi forces were able to respond militarily to rebel pushes in Western Libya and launched a counterattack along the coast toward Benghazi, the de facto centre of the uprising. The town of Zawiya, 48 kilometres (30 mi) from Tripoli, was bombarded by air force planes and army tanks and seized by Jamahiriya troops, “exercising a level of brutality not yet seen in the conflict.”
Organs of the United Nations, including United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and the United Nations Human Rights Council, condemned the crackdown as violating international law, with the latter body expelling Libya outright in an unprecedented action urged by Libya’s own delegation to the UN.
On 17 March 2011 the UN Security Council passed Resolution 1973, with a 10–0 vote and five abstentions including Russia, China and Germany. The resolution sanctioned the establishment of a no-fly zone and the use of “all means necessary” to protect civilians within Libya. On 19 March, the first act of NATO allies to secure the no-fly zone by destroying Libyan air defences began when French military jets entered Libyan airspace on a reconnaissance mission heralding attacks on enemy targets. In the weeks that followed, American forces were in the forefront of NATO operations against Libya. More than 8,000 American personnel in warships and aircraft were deployed in the area. At least 3,000 targets were struck in 14,202 strike sorties, 716 of them in Tripoli and 492 in Brega. The American air offensive included flights of B-2 Stealth bombers, each bomber armed with sixteen 2000-pound bombs, flying out of and returning to their base in Missouri on the continental United States. Clearly the support provided by the NATO airforces was pivotal in the ultimate success of the revolution.
By 22 August 2011, rebel fighters had entered Tripoli and occupied Green Square, which they renamed Martyrs’ Square in honour of those killed since 17 February 2011. On 20 October 2011 the last heavy fighting of the uprising came to an end in the city of Sirte, where Gadhafi was captured and killed. The defeat of loyalist forces was celebrated on 23 October 2011, three days after the fall of Sirte.
At least 30,000 Libyans died in the civil war.