Blue Monkey 

The Blue Monkey has a life span of about fifteen years. Male blue monkeys weigh 11-15 pounds. Females weigh 8-10 pounds. Female blue monkeys usually give birth to 1 young with a gestation of 4-4.5 months. They are omnivores so they feed on leaves, fruit, berries, flowers, shoots, insects and nestling’s. Leopards, crowned eagles and pythons are there predators. The blue monkey is bush meat so is often hunted. They live in groups of up to 20 monkeys. Blue monkeys are a social species that lives in groups of 10 to 40. These groups often form “alliances” with other species of monkeys, probably for added protection against predators like leopards, snakes, and birds of prey. They are not endangered, but the destruction of tropical Rainforests continues to threaten their habitat. 

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Bonobo

live in the canopy layer of the Rainforest. They live in high trees and woodland areas. They eat fruit, plant, matter, insects and earthworms. Their enemies are large animals and humans. Bonobos generally have narrow shoulders, thin necks and a small rounded head. Males weigh around 100 pounds and females weigh around 80 pounds. The top speed they can reach to is 40km/h [25 mph].The Bonobos has a life span of about 30-40 years. Female Bonobos give birth to an average of 1 baby at a time. Like most animals habitat loss and human ways threaten the chimpanzee population. There are less than 20,000 remaining today. Bonobos live in very large groups, of up to 150 members. The Bonobo is classified as Endangered. Usually the female has only one young about every five years. The Bonobo may be the most intelligent animal in the world.

African Elephant

African Elephants diet on leaves, plant shoots, grasses, fruit and flowers. They have a life span of about 60-70 years. Their enemies are humans because they kill them for their ivory trunks. They eat up to 500 pounds of vegetation and drink up to 6 gallons of water daily. When a family member dies, they bury them with twigs and leaves and “cry” for several hours. Elephants go through six sets of teeth in their lifetime. When their last set wears down, they cannot eat anymore and die. The African elephant is the largest animal walking the Earth. Their Skin is very sensitive to sunburn and bug bites. Therefore they roll in dust and mud and through dust on their backs to prevent irritation to their skin. Males can weigh as much as a school bus! Even their teeth are big–an adult’s molar is the size of a brick. Their huge teeth help them grind and eat a lot of plant material every day. They usually give birth to one calf with a gestion of 22 months.

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Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds have a lifespan of about 4 years. Hummingbirds can fly backwards and forwards. For its size, a hummingbird uses more energy a day than any other warm-blooded animal. Their enemies are hawks, other birds of prey and snakes. They eat insects, flowers, honeysuckle, sap and nectar. Hummingbirds have long tongues which they us to get nectar from flowers. The hummingbird is the smallest bird and the smallest bird with a backbone. They have a lifespan of about 5 years. Hummingbirds can fly forwards and backwards. There are over 300 species of hummingbirds. The hummingbird can beat its wings up to 200 times a second. Hummingbirds can fly up to 25-30 mph.


Okapi

The Okapi diets on leaves and grass. Their enemies are leopards, Servals and humans. Unlike most animals, the males are smaller than the females. The Okapis closest relative is the giraffe. They live for about 33 years. Okapis were discovered (seen) in the early 1900’s by explorer sir harry h. Johnston. They usually give birth to one young with a gestion of 14-15 months. They weigh around 210-250 Kilograms. The male okapi have horns. The okapi are known as loners and only get together when breeding time. Okapis are rare but were protected in the Congo since 1933.Okapi has a sleek deep brown coat that is almost purple. The sides of its face are a dull red. There are horizontal black and white rings on its buttocks, thighs, and tops of forelegs. 


Rainbow Lizard

The rainbow lizard lives in trees, branches and forest floor. They eat insects and fruit. Their enemies are large cats and snakes. The rainbow lizard is able to change colour hence there name. Rainbow lizards have dry, scaly skin. There scales are used as Armour.  They can spot predators up to a mile away. Their life span is about 25 years. They make hissing sounds when fighting. The rainbow lizard has a snake like tongue and waits patiently for their prey to come near. Rainbow lizards are also known as Agama lizards. These active, agile, and wary lizards often bask facing the sun, and sun-warmed lizards are more brightly coloured than cooler ones. 


Bush Pig

These pigs eat plants, grasses, leaves roots, frogs, mice and earthworms. Their enemies are large cats, large snakes and humans. Young bush pigs weigh around 50 kilograms whereas adults weigh around 150 kilograms. Their average life span is 20 years. Bush pigs have been known to be carriers of disease like the virus for the African swine fever. Also, they sometimes carry tsetse flies which are responsible for illnesses like sleeping sickness. Their sense of smell and hearing is excellent. They live in packs which help them fight off predators. They are active both day and night. They usually give birth to about 4 with a gestion of 120-127 days. The bush pig is also called the red river hog. 

Bongo Antelope

The bongo antelope diets on vegetation such as leaves, grass, roots and flowers. Their main predators are humans, hyenas, leopards and lions. They have life span of about 12 years. They weigh around 500-900 pounds. These antelopes can reach the speed of 70kp/h (43mph). The female bongo usually gives birth to 1 young with a gestion of 9 months. Calves are left alone after birth, lying in undergrowth to avoid detection by predators. The mother returns to the calf to nurse throughout this period.

Bongos are the largest and heaviest forest antelope. Both the female and male bongo has horns. The bongo antelope are the only forest antelope to form herds (5-50 in the herd). It is estimated that there are only 28,000 left in the wild.


Vine Snake

The vine snake diets on young birds and lizards. There predators are birds and large mammals. Females usually lay about 3-5 eggs at a time.

These reptiles are able to put their body into mid air because of their light weight. They are about 1.5-2 meters long and are barely the thickness of a man’s finger. The vine snake is also known to be called the twig snake. The vine snake is venomous, but its only mild venom.


Leopard

Leopards eat Deer’s, Antelope, Snakes, Birds and monkeys. Their enemies are humans, Lions, Hyenas and Cheetahs.

They usually live to about 13 years old, if they survive there first few years. They weigh from 66 pounds to 176 pounds. This African animal can run up to 35 mph. The Leopard is one of the only wild cats that can climb trees.

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Cape Buffalo

They feed on things like grass, herbs, shoots and fruit. Their enemies are Lions, Hyenas and big game hunters. These buffalo can reach to a speed of 40 mph. A fully grown Cape buffalo weighs around 600 kg. Both female and male cape buffalo have horns. They are also known as the African buffalo.

 These buffalo’s have a very low count of white blood cells, compared to other animals. The result of this is a weak immune system so can easily get diseases like foot and mouth and bovine tuberculosis (T.B). T.B is very contagious and sharing the same drinking water with a buffalo with T.B will spread it through the herd very quickly.If a predator such as the lion kills a buffalo with this disease are also at risk if they eat the meat.


Mandrill

They feed on leaves, fruit and meat. There predators are leopards, eagles and man. They can live to about 40 years of age. Males weigh around 55 pounds whereas females weigh around 30 pounds.

The Mandrill has a bright face to scare away their predators. They are usually found in troops of about 100. Mandrills are the largest of all monkeys. They can reach to a speed of 25 mph. There only 3,000 remaining in the wild so these monkeys are endangered. The word Mandrill means man ape.


Dwarf Mongoose

These feed on small mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, eggs and fruit. There predators are humans, larger mammals, Goshawks and snakes. They can live up to the age of 10 years old. They can weigh up to 200-350g.

Dwarf Mongoose is also known as common dwarf mongoose. There are over 20 species of mongoose. The dwarf mongoose is the smallest of all African carnivores; it’s about the size of a squirrel. The Dwarf Mongoose usually live in group sizes of about 20, this group is called a ‘mongeese or mongaggle’. They usually give birth to 2-4 young with a gestation period of about 8 weeks. The common Dwarf Mongoose looks like any other mongoose with its long pointed head, small ears, long tail, short limbs and long claws.


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Trogon

They diet on fruit, seeds and some species eat insects and small vertebrates. Trogons are among one of the most brilliantly coloured of all birds. There are over 40 species of Trogons. The bellies of Trogons are either Lemon, orange red or yellow.

By Leiana2000

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