Animal testing in the UK!!!

According to the RSPCA website: It is illegal to test on animals for cosmetics or their ingredients in the UK and other EU members, and since March 2013 it was illegal to sell cosmetics products within the EU which have been tested on animals or which contain ingredients newly tested on animals.
However Britain has voted against staying in the EU, and these laws will  no longer need to be followed by the UK, as well as many other laws and regulations provided by the EU. Britain voted to brexit in 2016, however stats from 2015 show that 4.14 million animals were experimented on in Britain. Although for now it is illegal to test on animals for cosmetics (as article 50 has not yet been used), there is always loop holes to laws, for example: As acne is a medical condition, make-up can be tested on animals as it helps cover acne.
Recently the Home Office released its annual statistics on the number of scientific procedures performed on animals in British laboratories, with a staggering 4,14 million animals being tested on. These experiments were conducted on:
  • 3 million mice
  • 21,831 on guinea pigs
  • 8,356 on Horses and other Equids
  • 4,643 on Dogs
  • 3,612 on Primates
126,000 of these animals didn’t regain consciousness after experiments that were classified as ‘non-recovery’, and a further 185,000 experiments were classed as ‘severe’ in the level of suffering caused to the animals. If that wasn’t bad enough a further 56,000 animals were forced to suffer extreme pain and distress without even being used in experiments. These are genetically modified animals which will often have painful unnatural mutations.
Its embarrassing that in 2015 we are still using methods used 400 years ago and have not yet been able to progress into a less cruel and humane society.  Although there are many new ways to test medication without harming animals, but these are more expensive ways. These new methods include:
  • human-on-a-chip
  • 3-D human skin cultures
  • high speed computer models
These methods are not only less cruel but the results are far more accurate. It has been proved over and over again that animal testing doesn’t work, that even though we share 95% of our DNA with a mouse testing on these animals doesn’t work. With FACTS such as:
  • Ninety two percent of experimental drugs that are safe and effective on animals fail human clinics because they don’t work or fail.
  • Less than 2% of human illnesses are seen in animals. Over 98% never affect animals. So, how can we test vaccines and medication on animals for human beings?
  • In the UK an estimated 70,000 people die or are severely disabled every year caused by unexpected reactions to drugs. These drugs had passed animal testing.
  • In the UK’s House of Lords questions have been asked regarding why unexpected reactions to drugs, which have passed animal testing, kill more people than cancer.
  • According to a thorough study, 88% of stillbirths are caused by drugs which have passed animal testing.
  • 70% of drugs that cause human birth defects are safe in Monkey pregnancies.
One of the things that surprises me the most is that even though in 2015 we have more ways to test medications without the harm of animals, the number has increased quite significantly in 2014 being 3.8 million. In the UK we are supposed to be living in one of the most developed countries in the world, yet we still result to torturing 4.14 million animals.
Many of my blogs have been on this topic and i have been blogging about this for over a year, and i still feel as strongly about this subject as i ever have. Animals are living, breathing, feeling things, animals have emotions, animals feel pain, if we were to do what we do to animals to humans we would be sent to prison for many years, but for some reason its okay to do this to Monkeys, Dogs, horses e.t.c. and I cant think of a good reason why its okay to do this, i suppose some people just seem to think that we are superior to animals and that its okay to torture and murder as long as its not a Human but to animals we share 95% of our DNA with.
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AQUARIUMS AND MARINE PARKS!!!

Aquariums and marine parks are homes to many aquatic animals, the most common Dolphins and Whales. Dolphins and Whales are both extremely intelligent animals; that like to live in complex, social groups. When they are are placed in captivity they are usually taken away from their families, often after a cruel hunt when they are very young and vulnerable.

A whale or Dolphin can manage to swim 100 miles in just a day: hunting and praying. A concrete tank could never replace its natural home.

Aquariums and marine parks use chlorine and copper sulphate to clean the water and tanks of these animals and has been known to cause Dolphins skin to peel off and may even cause them to become blind. Many marine animals have been known to suffer from peptic ulcers which will often lead to death, due to their unnatural lives in captivity. Due to the mental, emotional, and physical stress that captive whales and dolphins suffer from can weaken their immune system and therefore make them more prone to disease. Even though when they are captivated they have no predators, free of pollution and have other threats taken away from them, they still die young. The death rate from infant whales and dolphins is much higher in captivity.

There are many stories of cruelty at aquariums and marine parks, one of which is about a male killer whale called Tilikum; the largest orca in captivity, weighing 12,500 pounds and measuring over 22 feet in length. Tilikum was caught when he was only 2 years old and teared away from his family, and his ocean home.

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This is a picture of Tilikum, covered with lanolin, which is extracted from sheep wool, and applied to the whales skin  to prepare them for a long transport without water.

After he was captured, he was kept in a cement holding tank for up to nearly a year at Hafnarfjörður Marine Zoo, Iceland. He was held captive against his will, with all he could do was swim in circles and float aimlessly in the water.

He was then finally transferred to the sealand of the pacific in British Colombia, Canada and forced to call his 100-foot-by-50-feet pool, just 35 feet deep his ‘sad’ new home.

As a training technique they withheld food, and would often suffer from painful attacks by two dominant females, Haida and Nootka, He was forced to perform over many hours, eight times a day, 7 times a week. This constant stress and exhaustion gave him stomach ulcers.

When the park closed its doors at the end of each day, three orcas including Tilikum were crammed into a tiny small-round for more than 14 hours until the park would reopen the next morning.

If tilikum did not perform a trick correctly, food would be withheld from him and his tank mates, which would cause a great deal of tension and as a result of this Haida and Nootka would bite Tilikum all over his body.

On February 21, 1991 sealand trainer Keltie Byrne fell into the pool with these three orcas and was dragged to the bottom by Tilikum and tossed around by all three orca’s. She was the first of three to be killed by Tilikums stress, frustration and confinement.

Shortly after Kelties death sealand closed its doors for good and put Tilikum up for sale.

When the seaworld heard that a 12,000 pound bull, the largest orca on the market was up for sale, they quickly purchased him for their breeding program, giving little though into his reputation for killing and aggression.

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Tilikum has a collapsed dorsal fin which is a sign of an unhealthy stressed orca. This never really occurs in the wild.

Over the course of the 21 years at the seaworld, he was confined to a tank containing just 0.0001 percent of the quantity of water that he would travel in just one day in the wild. Tilikum has been involved in a few incidents of aggression. The stress he is under due to being captivated has led to him to show abnormal repetitive behaviour not seen in the wild. This includes chewing on metal gates and the concrete of sides of the tank- so now most of his teeth have been completely worn down to nothing.

The stress Tilikum has suffered form has caused him to become aggressive towards Humans, causing him to take two more lives- those of Daniel P. Dukes in 1999 and Dawn Brancheau in 2010. Tilikum had scalped and dismembered Dawn as well as crushing many of her bones throughout her body before drowning her.

Following Dawns tragic death, Tilikum was kept in a small enclosure that limited his ability to swim, communicate with other orca’s and interact with Humans even further. He was reportedly seen floating endlessly in the water for hours at a time, a behaviour which has never been seen in wild orcas.

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In the aerial view of the Seaworld you can see how little room the Orcas have. Inside the red circle is Tilikum, whose nose and tail seem to be bale to touch both sides of the tank at the same time.

After one year in isolation he returned, to performing.

Aggression towards humans is nearly non-existent in the wild but the constant stress of captivity has led to Orcas and other animals in aquariums to become aggressive towards Humans.  They also pose a threat to other Orcas they live with.

Facts about aquariums

  1. Repetitive harmful behaviour is common, such as the Orca banging his head on a landing platform.
  2. The constant stress of confinement causes abnormal behaviour that likely wouldn’t happen in the wild such as vomiting.
  3.  At Seaworld 37 orcas have died before the age of 30 years old, whereas the average life expectancy in the wild is 30 to 50 years old. No captive orca has come close to the maximum ages of 60 to 70 years  for males and more than 100 for females.
  4. Stress, boredom, and depression also results from life in a cramped tank

 

THE NEXT TORY LEADER!!

Recently, the Prime minister of Britain David Cameron resigned due to Britain exit from the EU which David Cameron  had been campaigning against during the debate of Brexit. David Cameron stating “I will do everything I can as Prime Minister to steady the ship over the coming weeks and months but I do not think it would be right for me to try to be the captain that steers our country to its next destination.”

After David Cameron’s resignation there was much debate on who would be the next leader of the Tory party. Boris Johnson was at first the most likely candidate, but was unable to gain any support and had stopped his campaign to run for leadership. After the stepping down of Boris Johnson running for leadership the next obvious choice was Michael Gove but again struggled to gain much support and eventually leading him to step down for the leadership, with Theresa May gaining much more support from the Conservative party than Michael Gove as well as Andrea Leadsom gaining more support than Michael Gove, with most likely there being a female prime minister by Autumn.

Theresa May 

Policies and beliefs

  • Theresa May has stated that because of  Britain’s vote to leave the EU, that she cannot guarantee that EU nationals already living in Britain can stay.
  • She will not order an Emergency budget due to Brexit
  • Against Human rights
  • will “cherish” the NHS
  • Voted for gay marriage

Just a few of Theresa May’s beliefs

Andrea Leadson

Policies and beliefs

  • wants to allow EU nationals to stay in Britain
  • Wants to continue free trade with the EU but control immigration
  • has promised “prosperity not austerity”
  • Voted against Gay marriage
  • Pro-brexit

Both Theresa May and Andrea Leadson, are pro Brexit but share different beliefs on what should happen next. Both politicians are pretty much opposites with their beliefs, but at least Andrea Leadson hasn’t campaigned to get rid of our Freedom of Speech.

Politician are known for being liars and so its hard to say which has the best policies, because when it actually comes to running the Tory party they will do whats best for the rich and the corporations not the working people of Britain!!

HYPOCRISY

Hypocrisy- the practice of claiming to higher standards or more noble beliefs than is the case.

British prime minister, David Cameron a supporter of super-prisons, tough punishment of crime (in many cases minor offences), Israel, and corporate tax evasion. Many believe he represents one of the fairest, freest countries in the world, but is this true?

Since world war two, Britain and its allies have attempted to overthrow, over 50 countries this is a considerable amount considering there are 196 recognised countries in the world, 193 of these members of the UN. This means that Britain and its allies have attempted to overthrow at least 25% of the worlds governments, most of which have been democratically-elected.

Should the leader of a nation like this think twice before attacking petty criminals with harsh sentences, when some could argue that David Cameron is among the most successful lotters in the country; he has over claimed on his expenses as well as going trough the hassle of covering up his own greed. Recently the Panama papers have exposed David Cameron for profiting from tax havens. He has also been connected to arms dealing in the Middle East at times of conflict.

In January 2015, David Cameron linked arms with other world leaders as well as marching with 3.7 million different people, to symbolise unity against terrorism, yet Palestine, Syria, Libya, Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan as well as other nations, suffer from similar attacks regularly; sometimes conducted by Britain, USA, Israel and other of our allies.

I find it disturbing that someone like David “the hypocrite” Cameron is still one of the most powerful men in Britain, or is he just a puppet? Its also disturbing that despite public knowledge of his corruption, greed, hypocrisy and complete disregard for the law, that he is not behind bars. But no need to worry Boris Johnson is here to save the day!

ANIMAL CRUELTY IN THE FILM INDUSTRY!!!!!

Films and TV shows that have used animal cruelty which has resulted in the death or harm of the animals which have been used!

Apocalypse now- Apocalypse now is an adaptation of Joseph Conrad’s Heart of darkness. It is a grim vision of the Vietnam War, in which you see Special Forces sent into the jungle to eliminate a rogue agent named Kurtz. After a brutal journey they murder Kurtz with a machete. This attack is scattered among footage of water buffalo being ceremonially slaughtered. 

These animals were reported to of then been killed by the local ifugao tribe. It was filmed in the Philippines and was not monitored by the American Humane Association and not surprisingly, it earned an ‘unacceptable’ 

The Grey- 2011’s the grey is a psychological thriller, which is about a leading group of oil drillers as they flee form killer wolves. Organisations such as PETA were angered by the portrayal of wolves- which have only just began to rebound off the endangered list in the US- where it was discovered that the production had brought in 4 wolf carcasses from a trapper. Two of these corpses were used as props in the film, with the other two actually being cooked and eaten by members of the cast. 

The adventures of Milo and Otis- This is a children’s film in Japan which features a kitten and a pug puppy. It was released in 1986 becoming that year’s biggest hit in the country. An Australian animal rights organisation, which had received horrifying reports from the set, urged a boycott on the film. They claimed that dozens of kittens were killed during the shoot and that the producer actually broke a kitten’s paw to make appear as clumsy. 

The charge of the light brigade- This is a film from 1963. It details a real-life disastrous cavalry charge during the Crimean war. To make it look as if the horses were toppling after being shot after they rigged the battlefield with wire traps. At least a dozen horses were killed outright or had to be euthanized shortly afterwards, due to their legs being hopelessly splintered. A stuntman also dies during this film; the congress intervened and several laws were put in place, with an explicit ban on wire traps. 

Life of Pi- The life of Pi an adventure drama film which revolves around an Indian boy named Pi; he is stranded aboard on a lifeboat adrift in the Pacific Ocean. He is trapped on the boat with a Bengal tiger named Richard Parker, who belonged to Pi’s family zoo. Most of the films effects were created using CGI, including many of the scenes with Richard Parker, but some were shot with a real tiger named King. While shooting a scene which involved King swimming in a water tank something went horribly wrong, and the tiger nearly died before his handler was able to pull him to safety. The water tank scene was shot in Taiwan, and was watched over by an American Humane Association representative named Gina Johnson. Despite the Tiger nearly dying Johnson reported that all went well at the set of Life of Pi. A leaked email that she had sent to colleague had this to say about the incident: “This one take with him just went really bad and he got lost trying to swim to the side. Damn near drowned. I think this goes without saying but DON’T MENTION THIS TO ANYONE, ESPECIALLY THE OFFICE! Have downplayed the fuck out of it.” Worse still, Johnson was revealed to have romantic ties with the production executive for the movie. When this became public in November 2013, Johnson resigned from her job with the AHA.

Snow Buddies- Snow buddies is a movie about a band of Golden Retrievers who are stranded in Alaska and becoming sled dogs. As puppies tend to grow incredibly fast, the production studio of Disney acquired any to fill the necessary roles. Unfortunately it appears that several puppies were brought on to the set before growing old enough to be separated from their mothers- at approximately 6 weeks of age instead of the compulsory 8 weeks of age. Many of the involved dogs became sick, over a dozen requiring veterinary treatment. Five puppies eventually dying. 

Manderlay- Manderlay is the grim tale of slavery in the 20th century in America. As the film takes place on plantation it naturally features animals One scene was suppose to feature a Donkey being butchered. When attempts to use a fake donkey went wrong, the director Lars Von Trier obtained a Donkey that was already scheduled to be slaughtered was given a lethal injection so that its corpse could be used in the movie.

In response to this, actor John C. Reilly quit his role in the film. Von Trier then eventually. Cut the Donkey scene from the movie; concerned that the scandal would destroy his project, but then went on to claim the animals fate would have been far worse if he hadn’t of purchased it.

Speed racer- this is one of the few films that the AHA refused to endorse calling it “unacceptable”. This rating had stemmed from an incident where one of the chimpanzees playing the character of “Chim-Chim” bit an actor without provocation and was allegedly beaten in response. 

Later on in this production, a Chimp was struck out of frustration by a trainer while rehearsing. This had occurred in front of an AHA monitor and was labelled as a clear violation of AHA guidelines, which forbids physically punishing animals in favour of positive reinforcement methods. The monitor then stopped the training session and immediately reported the incident to producers. Fortunately the Chimp was uninjured.

Ben-Hur- this 1925’s film is a tale of the enslaved Jewish prince and his quest for revenge during roman times. Despite the film featuring Jesus Christ, the film set the standard for animal cruelty in a film. Over 100 Horses apparently gave their lives to complete the chariot race scene, which dragged on for many weeks under the hot sun of California. Injured animals were reportedly shown little mercy. According to Francis X Bushman, an actor in Ben-Hur “if it limped, they shot it”

Heaven’s Gate- A drama centred on the conflict between land barons and immigrants in the old west.

The AHA was actually barred from the set of this film, and for good reason as the cruelty directed at the animals was unimaginable. Rumours from the set indicated that the cows were cut to provide not so “fake” blood for the actors. During one battle scene, four Horses were apparently killed, including one which was blown up with dynamite. They staged real cockfights, and gutted cattle to use their entrails as props. A lawsuit by one of the owners of a horse abused on the set settled for an undisclosed amount out of court. 

Many films still use animal cruelty in movies; even films in the 21st century, even with CGI. Animal cruelty is not needed in the film industry and should be banned and anyone who uses this cruelty should be behind bars!

 

 

Grand National

Horse racing is responsible for the death of many horses each year. One of the main contributions of this death rate is the Grand national. The Grand National is responsible for the most deaths in the horse racing industry. 

Whatever the results are for the Grand National one thing you can be guaranteed is that horses will suffer in order to entertain spectators. 

One thing that is guaranteed during the Grand National is that many horses will die while on the track, this is usually caused by bad landings after taking jumps. A few years ago at the Cheltenham races seven horses died, this statistic doesn’t even include the number of horses injured, which due to their injury are sometimes sent to slaughterhouses or if they are lucky sent to knew owners where they wont be used in the horse racing industry. 

Due to owners of horses wanting theirs to be the best, they will often force drugs on the horses to improve how well they do during races. Not only are these drugs forced on horses but a lot of the times the drugs being used are actually illegal. These drugs are often used to relief pain of the horse; but owners are not doing this because they don’t like to see their horses in pain it is so that the horse can still race. These drugs help to keep them running when they should be resting or receiving treatment. 

Usually after the horse has reached its full “potential” they are sent to the slaughterhouse. According to animal aid 1,000 horses from the racing industry are sent to slaughterhouses each year. 

When horses first begin in the horse racing industry they are usually too young. These haven’t usually fully developed with the bones not being able to stand the stress of the track. Due to their bones not being fully developed more injuries occur.

To deliberately hurt an animal in most circumstances is illegal, however horses are whipped over and over again to the finish line. 

Whipping the horse causes pain and suffering to the horse and often makes them run beyond their actual capability, which is also a contributor to injury in horses. 

Lastly, horse racing is about money more than welfare of animals. Owners do not usually care about the animal unless it brings in money for the owner. Its not because they love the animal, because if they did they would realize the horse racing industry is cruel and unnecessary in our modern world, we criticize bullfighting and dog fighting but the continuous whipping of a horse is okay.

In conclusion the horse racing industry is immoral, inhumane and unnecessary in the 21st century. How could you find horses running up and down a track entertaining? There are ways to entertain without harming or killing animals in the process. 

 

Over the years has attitude towards animals changed?

Zoos, game reserves, circuses, horse racing, aquariums and marine parks are just a few of the industries that involve unnecessary cruelty to animals in the 21st century, but have the conditions of these industries improved over the years?

One of the first known event to use animals for human entertainment was the roman games in which animals are forced to fight each other to the death, this is criticised in our modern world, yet dogfighting, roosterfighting and bullfighting are all still present in the 21st century. Although both dogfighting and roosterfighting are illegal in this country, it does still occur in Britain. Dogfighting is not illegal all around the world, and on average 16,000 dogs are killed each year.

 In the 19th and 20th century, animals were locked in small cages, for human entertainment in zoos or for personal collections for the upper classes; wild animals were sytolen form their natural habitat and placed in overly small cages which were designed more the safety of the public than the comfort of the animal. However is this still the case for zoos in the 21st century?

 People would assume that conditions of zoos have improved, over time, yet animals are still locked in small enclosures that are inadequate for their requirements.

 Some would argue, zoos help animals by breeding endangered species. Although they are breeding these endangered or vulnerable animals, they would be unable to survive in their natural environment. This is due to them being co-dependent on zookeepers for things such as food, and they are unable to fend for themselves and be independent.

 Due to over hunting, destruction of habitat and the exotic pet trade, many species have been driven to near extinction, because of the negative impact humans have had on these animals. Therefore if not driven to near extinction by humans it would not be necessary for these animals to be kept in zoos for breeding.

Conditions in many zoos have been criticised as being inhumane and sometimes outright cruel in our ‘modern world’, with Humboldt penguins at Scarborough sea life centre being prescribed anti-depressants because they are so unhappy. This is most likely due the low living standards and sheer small size of their enclosures. 

 In 2003, San Diego Zoo and Tampa’s Lowry park zoo imported 11 captured African Elephants from Swaziland. So even the biggest zoos steal form the wild, and this is occurring in the 21st century, where we are supposed to be helping endangered animals, not stealing them form their natural habitat.

However over the years there has been laws passed to try to help zoo animals such as the Animal Welfare Act which helps to protect the welfare of individual zoo animals, but this act is not always followed. 

So, doesn’t this prove that cruelty to animals in zoos and other industries that use animals have not improved much, in some cases you could argue its worse in the 21st century; with animal cruelty now being covered up so zoos such as San Diego don’t receive bad publicity, but occasionally the cruelty that occurs in these zoos are leaked, showing us what zoos are really like.

BULLFIGHTING!!!

Definition of Bullfighting 

The sport of baiting and killing a bull in an outdoor arena, with spectators. 

Before the bulls are even sent into the ring they are given disadvantages such as their horns being shaved to keep them off balance or will have petroleum jelly rubbed into their eyes to damage their vision.

Bullfighting typically occurs in Spain. In a typical bullfight- men on horses will enter the arena and drive lances into the bulls neck and back muscles. This will stop the bull form being able to lift its head and defend itself, they will twist and gouge these lances so that the bull will lose a significant amount of blood.

The matador will enter on foot and will distract the bull will running around him and plunging brightly coloured sticks with harpoon points on the end into its back. When the bull is weakened from all the loss of blood, the matador will run the bull in circles making it become dizzy and stops chasing them. 

Lastly the matador after provoking the exhausted bull with a few charges, will try to kill the bull with its sword. If he misses, an executioner is called to kill the exhausted bull. The dagger is supposed to cut the bulls spinal cord, but sometimes even this can blundered leaving the bull conscious and paralysed this bull is then chained and dragged out of the arena by horses. 

If the crowd is happy with the matador the bulls tail and ears are cut off and given to him as a trophy. A few minutes later a new bull enters and the same cycle happens again.

This so called “sport” or tradition is unnecessary and inhuman, and is not needed in modern society. Bullfighting needs to be ended. 

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THE ATLANTIC FOREST.

The Atlantic forest stretches along Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. It is one of the most vulnerable forests in the world. It covers four times the size of the UK in land,. Today according to some estimates only 7% of the original forest remains, but it still homes a range of species.

The Atlantic forest comprises of many different ecosystems, including tropical, coastal and marine habitats. The home species such as the Jaguars, tree anteaters, tapirs, and howler monkeys as well as some rare and colourful amphibians.

It also homes more bird species than all of Europe and includes the only living examples 10,00’s of species of plants.

Their are 450 different species of trees in just one hectare of the Atlantic forest.

92% of the amphibians found in the Atlantic forest are found nowhere else in the world.

ATLANTIC

DEFORESTATION OF THE AMAZON RAINFOREST.

 Deforestation of the Amazon Rainforest The main source of  Deforestation in the Amazon Rainforest is human settlement and development of the land. In nine years from 1991 to 2000 the most area cleared from the Amazon Rainforest rose from 415,000 to 587,00 km squared , which is comparable to the land area of Spain, Madagascar, or Manitoba. Most of the lost forest has been replaced with pasture for cattle. In February 2008, the Brazilian government announced that the rate in which the Amazon Rainforest was being destroyed has been increasing noticeably during the time of the year that it normally slows: in just the five months of 2007 more than 3,200 square kilometers an area equivalent to the state of Rhode Island, was cut down. The Amazon Rainforest continues to shrink though the rate deforestation has been slowing in recent years with 2012 having the slowest rate of deforestation since records began. However the rate had increased again in 2013.

SHARK FINNING.

Shark finning refers to the removal of shark fins, while the remains of the shark is discarded back into the ocean; while often still alive,  because it has no fin the Shark can not swim effectively so it will either sink to the bottom of the ocean and die of suffocation or eaten by predators. Shark finning at sea enables fishing vessels to increase profit and can increase the numbers of sharks that are harvested for their fins, as they only have to transport the fin, which is the most profitable part of the shark; but this means that they kill more sharks, because their vessels can then transport more because they don’t have the full weight of a Shark to carry. Some countries have banned this and require that the whole shark should be transported and be brought back to a port before being de-finned. But the fact that this is allowed is a disgrace; for most species of shark are endangered or vulnerable according to their conservation statuses.

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Shark finning has increased since 1997 largely due to the increasing demand for Shark fins for things such as shark fin soup and traditional cures.The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s shark specialist group has said that shark finning is one of the most serious threats to shark populations. The estimates of shark fin trading businesses are between US$540 million to US$1.2 billion (2007). In the US Shark finning is prohibited, some regard the whale shark and basking shark as trophy species and are $10,000 to $20,000 for a fin.

Shark specialists have estimated that 100 million sharks die annually for their fins, so that those who like to collect parts of animals can say they own a shark fin that cost a shark its life, for know good reason.

FASHION KILLS!!!!!

Animals die for fashion

Animals are killed every day for fur, leather, and suede. They are killed for people to go out and pay extortionate prices for animals that should’ve not been killed in the first place. People have found new ways to make fur and leather, so that animals do not have to be killed but still corporations opt for the killing of animals, this is because it is cheaper to kill the animal than to make faux-fur or leather.

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A fashion website called Farfetch charged £715.00 for a people to wear a dead Ostrich.

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Not only do they kill Ostriches for their shoes but also sells Snake skin shoes for £365.00

This website also sells real fur, cow leather, goat skin dresses, lizard skin, and python skin and many other things that involve the death of animals.

 Is an international fashion website that stocks products from 300 independent boutiques. As of September 2014 the annual sale of merchandise from this website surpassed £167 million.   

So many animals die for corporations like this to earn 100’s of million pounds.   

 

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This is what innocent animals have to go through for someone to wear something they think are fashionable.

By LEIANA2000

A FEW CONGO RAINFOREST ANIMALS.

Blue Monkey 

The Blue Monkey has a life span of about fifteen years. Male blue monkeys weigh 11-15 pounds. Females weigh 8-10 pounds. Female blue monkeys usually give birth to 1 young with a gestation of 4-4.5 months. They are omnivores so they feed on leaves, fruit, berries, flowers, shoots, insects and nestling’s. Leopards, crowned eagles and pythons are there predators. The blue monkey is bush meat so is often hunted. They live in groups of up to 20 monkeys. Blue monkeys are a social species that lives in groups of 10 to 40. These groups often form “alliances” with other species of monkeys, probably for added protection against predators like leopards, snakes, and birds of prey. They are not endangered, but the destruction of tropical Rainforests continues to threaten their habitat. 

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Bonobo

live in the canopy layer of the Rainforest. They live in high trees and woodland areas. They eat fruit, plant, matter, insects and earthworms. Their enemies are large animals and humans. Bonobos generally have narrow shoulders, thin necks and a small rounded head. Males weigh around 100 pounds and females weigh around 80 pounds. The top speed they can reach to is 40km/h [25 mph].The Bonobos has a life span of about 30-40 years. Female Bonobos give birth to an average of 1 baby at a time. Like most animals habitat loss and human ways threaten the chimpanzee population. There are less than 20,000 remaining today. Bonobos live in very large groups, of up to 150 members. The Bonobo is classified as Endangered. Usually the female has only one young about every five years. The Bonobo may be the most intelligent animal in the world.

African Elephant

African Elephants diet on leaves, plant shoots, grasses, fruit and flowers. They have a life span of about 60-70 years. Their enemies are humans because they kill them for their ivory trunks. They eat up to 500 pounds of vegetation and drink up to 6 gallons of water daily. When a family member dies, they bury them with twigs and leaves and “cry” for several hours. Elephants go through six sets of teeth in their lifetime. When their last set wears down, they cannot eat anymore and die. The African elephant is the largest animal walking the Earth. Their Skin is very sensitive to sunburn and bug bites. Therefore they roll in dust and mud and through dust on their backs to prevent irritation to their skin. Males can weigh as much as a school bus! Even their teeth are big–an adult’s molar is the size of a brick. Their huge teeth help them grind and eat a lot of plant material every day. They usually give birth to one calf with a gestion of 22 months.

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Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds have a lifespan of about 4 years. Hummingbirds can fly backwards and forwards. For its size, a hummingbird uses more energy a day than any other warm-blooded animal. Their enemies are hawks, other birds of prey and snakes. They eat insects, flowers, honeysuckle, sap and nectar. Hummingbirds have long tongues which they us to get nectar from flowers. The hummingbird is the smallest bird and the smallest bird with a backbone. They have a lifespan of about 5 years. Hummingbirds can fly forwards and backwards. There are over 300 species of hummingbirds. The hummingbird can beat its wings up to 200 times a second. Hummingbirds can fly up to 25-30 mph.


Okapi

The Okapi diets on leaves and grass. Their enemies are leopards, Servals and humans. Unlike most animals, the males are smaller than the females. The Okapis closest relative is the giraffe. They live for about 33 years. Okapis were discovered (seen) in the early 1900’s by explorer sir harry h. Johnston. They usually give birth to one young with a gestion of 14-15 months. They weigh around 210-250 Kilograms. The male okapi have horns. The okapi are known as loners and only get together when breeding time. Okapis are rare but were protected in the Congo since 1933.Okapi has a sleek deep brown coat that is almost purple. The sides of its face are a dull red. There are horizontal black and white rings on its buttocks, thighs, and tops of forelegs. 


Rainbow Lizard

The rainbow lizard lives in trees, branches and forest floor. They eat insects and fruit. Their enemies are large cats and snakes. The rainbow lizard is able to change colour hence there name. Rainbow lizards have dry, scaly skin. There scales are used as Armour.  They can spot predators up to a mile away. Their life span is about 25 years. They make hissing sounds when fighting. The rainbow lizard has a snake like tongue and waits patiently for their prey to come near. Rainbow lizards are also known as Agama lizards. These active, agile, and wary lizards often bask facing the sun, and sun-warmed lizards are more brightly coloured than cooler ones. 


Bush Pig

These pigs eat plants, grasses, leaves roots, frogs, mice and earthworms. Their enemies are large cats, large snakes and humans. Young bush pigs weigh around 50 kilograms whereas adults weigh around 150 kilograms. Their average life span is 20 years. Bush pigs have been known to be carriers of disease like the virus for the African swine fever. Also, they sometimes carry tsetse flies which are responsible for illnesses like sleeping sickness. Their sense of smell and hearing is excellent. They live in packs which help them fight off predators. They are active both day and night. They usually give birth to about 4 with a gestion of 120-127 days. The bush pig is also called the red river hog. 

Bongo Antelope

The bongo antelope diets on vegetation such as leaves, grass, roots and flowers. Their main predators are humans, hyenas, leopards and lions. They have life span of about 12 years. They weigh around 500-900 pounds. These antelopes can reach the speed of 70kp/h (43mph). The female bongo usually gives birth to 1 young with a gestion of 9 months. Calves are left alone after birth, lying in undergrowth to avoid detection by predators. The mother returns to the calf to nurse throughout this period.

Bongos are the largest and heaviest forest antelope. Both the female and male bongo has horns. The bongo antelope are the only forest antelope to form herds (5-50 in the herd). It is estimated that there are only 28,000 left in the wild.


Vine Snake

The vine snake diets on young birds and lizards. There predators are birds and large mammals. Females usually lay about 3-5 eggs at a time.

These reptiles are able to put their body into mid air because of their light weight. They are about 1.5-2 meters long and are barely the thickness of a man’s finger. The vine snake is also known to be called the twig snake. The vine snake is venomous, but its only mild venom.


Leopard

Leopards eat Deer’s, Antelope, Snakes, Birds and monkeys. Their enemies are humans, Lions, Hyenas and Cheetahs.

They usually live to about 13 years old, if they survive there first few years. They weigh from 66 pounds to 176 pounds. This African animal can run up to 35 mph. The Leopard is one of the only wild cats that can climb trees.

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Cape Buffalo

They feed on things like grass, herbs, shoots and fruit. Their enemies are Lions, Hyenas and big game hunters. These buffalo can reach to a speed of 40 mph. A fully grown Cape buffalo weighs around 600 kg. Both female and male cape buffalo have horns. They are also known as the African buffalo.

 These buffalo’s have a very low count of white blood cells, compared to other animals. The result of this is a weak immune system so can easily get diseases like foot and mouth and bovine tuberculosis (T.B). T.B is very contagious and sharing the same drinking water with a buffalo with T.B will spread it through the herd very quickly.If a predator such as the lion kills a buffalo with this disease are also at risk if they eat the meat.


Mandrill

They feed on leaves, fruit and meat. There predators are leopards, eagles and man. They can live to about 40 years of age. Males weigh around 55 pounds whereas females weigh around 30 pounds.

The Mandrill has a bright face to scare away their predators. They are usually found in troops of about 100. Mandrills are the largest of all monkeys. They can reach to a speed of 25 mph. There only 3,000 remaining in the wild so these monkeys are endangered. The word Mandrill means man ape.


Dwarf Mongoose

These feed on small mammals, birds, reptiles, insects, eggs and fruit. There predators are humans, larger mammals, Goshawks and snakes. They can live up to the age of 10 years old. They can weigh up to 200-350g.

Dwarf Mongoose is also known as common dwarf mongoose. There are over 20 species of mongoose. The dwarf mongoose is the smallest of all African carnivores; it’s about the size of a squirrel. The Dwarf Mongoose usually live in group sizes of about 20, this group is called a ‘mongeese or mongaggle’. They usually give birth to 2-4 young with a gestation period of about 8 weeks. The common Dwarf Mongoose looks like any other mongoose with its long pointed head, small ears, long tail, short limbs and long claws.


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Trogon

They diet on fruit, seeds and some species eat insects and small vertebrates. Trogons are among one of the most brilliantly coloured of all birds. There are over 40 species of Trogons. The bellies of Trogons are either Lemon, orange red or yellow.

By Leiana2000

The endangerment of the Rhinoceros.

Today very few rhinos, survive outside national parks and reserves. Two species of rhinoceros in Asia- Javan and Sumatran are critically endangered. A subspecies of the Javan rhino was classified as extinct in 2011 in Vietnam. There is still a small population of Javan rhinos that cling for survival on the Indonesian island Java. A successful conversation effort has helped the third species of Asian rhinos the Greater one horned rhino (or Indian rhino) to increase their numbers. Their status was changed from endangered to vulnerable, but is still poached for its horns. 

In African, Southern White rhinos were once thought to be extinct but now thrive in protected sanctuaries and are classified as near threatened. But the Northern white rhino subspecies is believed to be extinct in the wild and only a few captive individuals remaining in a sanctuary in Kenya. Black rhinos have doubled in number over the past two decades from their low point of 2,480 individuals but total numbers are still a fraction of the estimated 100,000 that existed in the early part of the 20th century. 

Threats

Habitat Loss
Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park in Sumatra is thought to have one of the largest Sumatran rhino populations, but is losing forests due to conversion for coffee and rice by illegal settlers. In southern Zimbabwe, privately owned rhino conservancies have been invaded by people with no land. This reduces the amount of safe habitat for rhinos and increases the risk of poaching and snaring.

Disease

In the recent years four Javan rhinos, including one young adult female, are thought to have died from disease, probably transmitted to wild cattle in the park and then subsequently to the rhinos.

Illegal Wildlife Trade

Although international trade in rhino horn has been banned under the convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora, since 1977 demand remains high and fuels rhino poaching in both Africa and Asia. 

Although poaching is illegal it still occurs. The main market is now in Vietnam where there is a newly emerged belief that Rhino Horn cure cancer. Rhino horn is also used in other traditional Asian medicine to treat a variety of ailments including fever and various blood disorders. It is also used in some Asian cultures as a cure for Hangovers.

Blog by Leiana2000

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About Leiana2000

I’M 15 YEARS OLD, AND I LOVE ANIMALS AND NATURE.

BUT SADLY WHEN I’M OLDER, SOME OF THE ANIMALS I HAVE DREAMED I WILL ONE DAY SEE, WOULD HAVE GONE EXTINCT FOR EXAMPLE THE SIBERIAN TIGER AND THE AMUR LEOPARD. THESE AND MANY OTHER ANIMALS ARE ON THE BRINK OF EXTINCTION DUE TO THINGS SUCH AS HUNTING AND DEFORESTATION. SO I MADE THIS PAGE TO TELL PEOPLE ABOUT HOW THEY CAN HELP BY JUST DOING SMALL THINGS SUCH AS SIGNING PETITIONS AND MOST IMPORTANTLY I MADE THIS PAGE AND MY YOUTUBE CHANNEL TO EDUCATE PEOPLE DON’T KNOW ABOUT WHAT’S HAPPENING TO OUR WORLD!!!